Glossary

A head goit is a watercourse leading from the river to the mill used to supply water to the wheel. A tail goit is a watercourse from the wheel to discharge water lower down the river.

A clow is a sluice, a vertical valve to control the flow of water to and from the goit.

The fall is the natural drop in the course of a stream, the head is the vertical drop resulting from construction of a dam in the stream.

For Woollen yarn the shorter fibres of wool are used and these are carded before spinning. Carding involves using an implement covered with fine wire teeth to disentangle the fibres.

For Worsted yarn the shorter fibres of wool are removed by the process of combing, which leaves only the longer fibres lying parallel to each other. Combing produces a smooth strong yarn which affects the finish of the cloth.

Fulling: The use of water power in the textile industry began with fulling. This was the process by which woollen cloth was thickened through beating, the cloth being placed in a trough with water and a cleansing agent and was then pounded by large wooden hammers.

A Walk Mill was another name for a fulling mill, and names such as Walker Lane show that there were fulling mills in the area.

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